Gums Hyperpigmentation: Signs, Causes, And Treatments

gums hyperpigmentation

Gingival hyperpigmentation is a condition in which you have dark spots on your lips and gums. While it isn’t typically anything to worry about for most people, it can signal gum disease, which is something that needs attention. So what are the signs of gingival hyperpigmentation and what can be done about it? Gums Hyperpigmentation is a blog article describing the causes, signs, and treatment

Signs of Gums Hyperpigmentation:

Gums hyperpigmentation can be a sign of many different things, and it’s best to talk to your dentist regarding any concerns you have. However, here are some common signs of gum hyperpigmentation:

· Dark patches on the gums
· Increased sensitivity to cold or heat
· Swelling or redness around the teeth
· Brown patches or spots on the gums

Causes of Gums Hyperpigmentation:

Gums hyperpigmentation is a common issue that can cause embarrassment and difficulty with oral hygiene. The most common causes of gums hyperpigmentation are sun exposure, genetics, and thyroid problems. Here are three tips to help you get rid of gum hyperpigmentation:

  1. Use sunscreen with a broad-spectrum protection factor (SPF) every day when you are outside in the sun.
  2. If you have Graves’ disease or other thyroid problems, see your doctor for treatment.
  3. Avoid using over-the-counter whitening products on your teeth because they can be harsh and may not be effective. Instead, try an over-the-counter topical cream like benzoyl peroxide or triclosan that is gentler on your teeth and gums.

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Purple Gums

Black Gums

Racial Pigmentation

Treatments for Gums Hyperpigmentation:

There are a number of treatments for gum hyperpigmentation, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Some treatments use lasers to target and destroy the underlying cause of the hyperpigmentation, while others use topical medications or light therapy.

Lasers: One type of treatment that uses lasers to target and destroy the underlying cause of gum hyperpigmentation is topical bleaching. This involves applying a treatment that contains hydroquinone (manufactured as Q-Med) to the affected area. Hydroquinone works by breaking down the pigment in the skin, which then results in a lighter skin tone. Side effects associated with this treatment include reddening of the skin, peeling, and temporary brown patches.

Topical medications: Another type of treatment that uses topical medications to reduce gum hyperpigmentation is sunscreens. Many people who have hyperpigmentation on their gums also have sun damage, so using sunscreen on top of bleaching can be very effective at reducing both types of pigmentation at the same time. Although sunscreens are generally considered safe, they can also cause skin irritation if they’re applied too often or if they’re used in an excessive amount.

Light therapy: A final type of treatment for gum hyperpigmentation is light therapy. This involves using bright light exposure to target and destroy the underlying cause of the pigment buildup in the gums.


If you’re struggling with gums that are hyper-pigmented, it can be really tough to determine the source of the problem. However, by understanding some of the common causes and signs of gum hyperpigmentation, you’ll be able to start treatment right away. Make sure to read through this article carefully so that you know what to look for and where to go for help. Thanks for reading!


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